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Anti-Air Warfare Memorial

WM reference
2086
Memorial type
Lost
No
Town
County
District
Subject/Period
Creator
Ceremony
  • Unveiled : 20 October 1935
  • Unveiled : 21 June 1936
  • Unveiled : 6 August 1987
Current location

at Roadside railed off from a corner of a garden and piece of Epping Forest lan
581-587
Highbeam House
High Rd
Woodford Green
Redbridge
Greater London
IG8 0RD
England
OS Grid Ref.: TQ 40142 92039
Denomination: Undefined

Description

Pedestal surmounted by a carved stone replica of a 1930s torpedo bomb, enclosed by metal railings.

Inscription

Plinth, 6 o'clock face: THIS MONUMENT IS RAISED AS A PROTEST AGAINST THE WAR IN THE AIR Plinth, 3 o'clock face: TO THOSE WHO IN 1932/ UPHELD THE RIGHT TO/ USE BOMBING AEROPLANES. On the plaque at the foot of memorial: TO THOSE WHO IN 1932 / UPHELD THE RIGHT / TO USE BOMBING PLANES / THIS MONUMENT IS RAISED / AS A PROTEST AGAINST WAR IN THE AIR / THE SITE OF THIS MONUMENT IS / THE PROPERTY OF / SYLVIA PANKHURST / DESIGN AND WORK BY ERIC BENFIELD / ORIGINALLY UNVEILED BY / P. ZAPHIRO / SECRETARY OF THE IMPERIAL ETHIOPIAN LEGATION / JAMES RANGER / E.J.A. WEBSTER / J. DAVEY / SYLVIA PANKHURST / OCTOBER 20TH 1935

Inscription legible?

No

Names on memorial

None recorded

Subject/Period

Peace and Anti-War memorials
Total names on memorial: 0
Served and returned: 0
Died: 0
Exact count: yes
Information shown: Undefined
Order of information: Undefined

Component

Plinth
Condition: Good
Measurements: depth 607mm, height 2200mm, width 607mm
Materials: Stone
Listed?: Yes
Listed by: Historic England
Grade: II
Comments: N/A

Component

Sculpture
Condition: Good
Measurements: Undefined
Materials: Undefined
Listed?: Yes
Listed by: Historic England
Grade: II
Comments: N/A

Ceremony

Unveiled
Date: 20 October 1935
Attended by: P. ZAPHIRO,JAMES RANGER,E. J. A. WEBSTER,SYLVIA PANKHURST,MAGGIE FREAKE,J. DAVEY

Ceremony

Unveiled
Date: 21 June 1936
Attended by: UNKNOWN

Ceremony

Unveiled
Date: 6 August 1987
Attended by: Local Clergy/Dignitaries

History

2014: Informed that restoration work undertaken by Galliard Homes as memorial on land developed by them. Memorial was cleaned and railings replaced. 2008: Sculpture vandalised and later restored through funds provided by Dr Richard Pankhurst, the Heritage of London Trust and London Borough of Redbridge. Original inscriptions badly faded. Plaque placed on railings detailing original wording. 1998: RESTORATION WORK TO REPAIR DAMAGE CAUSED BY VANDALISM, POLLUTION AND WEATHERING: BOMB WAS REATTACHED AND SANDBLASTED AND NEW FINS WERE ATTACHED. 1997: Bomb stolen and later found in forest land off Woodford New Road 1979, 22 February: Grade II listed. 1935, November: Within a fortnight of its unveiling in October 1935 the memorial was broken and the carved stone bomb stolen. 1935, 20th October: On the night of the unveiling the memorial was attacked with creosote.

Costs

Site: Unknown or N/A
Memorial: Unknown or N/A
Comments: None

Trust fund/Scholarship

No
Purpose: Unknown or N/A

Sponsorship

Unknown or N/A
Details: Unknown or N/A

Responsibility of

Galliard Homes

Reference

The Times 04 November 1935

Reference

New Times and Ethiopia News by Ed. Sylvia Pankhurst and Sylvio Corio 1936 Publicising second unveiling on 21st June 1936.

Reference

London Review of Books 12-13 / 23 August 2001 Article about memorial and its sculptor Eric Benfield

Reference

Wanstead and Woodford Guardian (Guardian Series) 17 June 2010 Information about the rejected planning applications for flats behind the memorial which could have put the memorial at risk.

Reference

The Guardian 17 July 2010

Reference

Yellow Advertiser 10 April 2008

This record comprises all information held by IWM’s War Memorials Register for this memorial. Where we hold a names list for the memorial, this information will be displayed on the memorial record. Please check back as we are adding more names to the database.

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© IWM (WMR-2086)

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