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Barrow In Furness Cenotaph

WM reference
2079
Memorial type
Lost
No
Town
County
District
Subject/Period
Ceremony
  • Unveiled : 11 Nov 1921
  • Dedicated : 11 Nov 1921
  • Presented : 11 Nov 1921
Current location

Barrow Central Public Park
Abbey Road
Barrow In Furness
Barrow In Furness
Cumbria
LA13 9BJ
England
OS Grid Ref.: SD 20455 69755
Denomination: Undefined

Description

STONE PLATFORM ACCESSIBLE BY STEPS WITH A LARGE BASE AND PLAQUES SURMOUNTED BY WIDE SQUARE COLUMN. WW2 PLAQUES ON RAILINGS AROUND THE MEMORIAL PLATFORM. BRONZE WREATH ON EACH FACE NEAR TOP BRONZE RELIEF OF MOURNING SOLDIER, HEAD BOWED WITH UPTURNED IN FRONT OF TWO CROSSED FLAGS

Inscription

WW1- ON THE CENOTAPH ITSELF On the Stone of the Cenotaph-AD 1914-1919 On the Corners between the plaques are bronze panels depicting- SW Corner- A Soldier & the words PRO PATRIA SE Corner -Liberty NE Corner-An Angel and the words DEUS VOLENTE NW Corner- A Soldier and the words PRO REGE North Face-Upper Dedication Plaque- PRO DEO PRO PATRIA/TO THE GLORY OF GOD/AND IN THE HONOURED MEMORY OF THE MEN OF/BARROW-IN-FURNESS WHO FELL IN THE GREAT WAR/”They served for Liberty-for Life they died”/THIS PANEL WITH THE ROLL OF HONOUR TABLETS/WAS PROVIDED BY THE INHABITANTS OF THE BOROUGH North Face-Lower Dedication Plaque- TO THE MEN & WOMEN OF/BARROW IN FURNESS/WHO DIED/AS A RESULT OF ENEMY ACTION/1939-1945 Each of the three names plaques (South, east and west faces)-THEIR NAME LIVETH FOR EVERMORE/[names in 5 columns] WW2 Panels- on Panels 1, 2, 4 to 8 and 10 to 12 are just names in 2 columns Panels 3 & 9 both read: IN HONOURED MEMORY OF/ALL SERVICE PERSONNEL/OF THIS BOROUGH/WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES/IN THE 1939-1945 WAR/ALSO KOREA AND CYPRUS CAMPAIGNS/HAVING MADE THE SUPREME SACRIFICE/THAT WE MIGHT LIVE/LEST WE FORGET [ note that KOREA AND CYPRUS NAMES ARE INTERMINGLED with the WW2 names; the FIGURE BELOW for WW2 therefore includes Korea and Cyprus, also on Panel 1 is 1 WW1 name]

Inscription legible?

Yes

Names on memorial

None recorded

Subject/Period

First World War (1914-1918)
Total names on memorial: 584
Served and returned: 0
Died: 584
Exact count: yes
Information shown: surname,rank,regiment,decorations
Order of information: surname,rank,regiment,decorations

Subject/Period

Cyprus Emergency (1955-1959)
Total names on memorial: 0
Served and returned: 0
Died: 0
Exact count: no
Information shown: surname,rank,regiment,decorations
Order of information: surname,rank,regiment

Subject/Period

Korean War (1950-1953)
Total names on memorial: 6
Served and returned: 0
Died: 6
Exact count: no
Information shown: surname,rank,regiment,decorations
Order of information: surname,rank,regiment

Subject/Period

Second World War (1939-1945)
Total names on memorial: 297
Served and returned: 0
Died: 297
Exact count: no
Information shown: surname,rank,regiment,decorations
Order of information: surname,rank,regiment,decorations

Component

Column
Condition: Good
Measurements: Undefined
Materials: Stone - Limestone
Listed?: Yes
Listed by: Historic England
Grade: II
Comments: N/A

Component

First World War memorial
Condition: Good
Measurements:
Materials: Bronze
Listed?: Yes
Listed by: Historic England
Grade: II
Comments: These dimensions are for each of 4 names plaques

Component

Second World War memorial
Condition: Good
Measurements:
Materials: Bronze
Listed?: Yes
Listed by: Historic England
Grade: II
Comments: These dimensions are for each of 12 plaques

Component

Plaques
Condition: Good
Measurements:
Materials: Bronze
Listed?: Yes
Listed by: Historic England
Grade: II
Comments: These dimensions are for each of the 4 corner plaques which are curved

Component

Plaques
Condition: Good
Measurements:
Materials: Bronze
Listed?: Yes
Listed by: Historic England
Grade: II
Comments: These dimensions are for each of the 2 dedication plaques

Ceremony

Unveiled
Date: 11 Nov 1921
Attended by: FIELD MARSHAL SIR WILLIAM R ROBERTSON BART GCB GCMG KCVO DSO

Ceremony

Dedicated
Date: 11 Nov 1921
Attended by: Bishop of Carlisle

Ceremony

Presented
Date: 11 Nov 1921
Attended by: Mr G Mure Ritchie, chairman of the steel company

Costs

Site: Unknown or N/A
Memorial: Unknown or N/A
Comments: None

Trust fund/Scholarship

No
Purpose: Unknown or N/A

Sponsorship

Corporate
Details: The gift of Barrow Hematite Steel Company

Responsibility of

BARROW-in-Furness Borough COUNCIL

Notes

1)There are 3 WW2 names missing from this memorial, merchant navy men lost when the SS Empire March was sunk off Tristan da Cunha on 2nd January 1943 with the loss of 25 men (4 from Barrow)- they are Steward Philip Francis Markey, Fourth Engineer Officer Ernest Mayson Penn and Sailor George Ambrose Chapman. The 4th Barrow casualty was Boatswain John Joseph McErlean whose name is spelt as McAlean on the cenotaph. 2) Joseph Henry Park (3rd from bottom, Panel 12 of WW2 and later) is actually a WW1 name. He was added in 2009 when his long standing accidental ommission was noticed 3) The WW1 name J Brooks is really James Huddleston. He was 4th Engineering Officer on the SS Tuscan Prince, torpedoed 5/8/1918 by UC49 in the English Channel, and buried at Barrow Cemetery. When his place of burial was determined in 2009 he was removed from the Tower Hill memorial to those with no known grave. His mother had died when he was a baby so he was brought up by his maternal aunt and uncle, and assumed their surname of Brooks.

Reference

Illustrated London News 8 March 1924 p.398 Photograph of war memorial by night, 'Illustrated by electric lamps in the adjacent rockeries every evening.'

Reference

Carter Postcard Collection

Reference

Carlisle Journal 15/11/1921 page 4f

Reference

Barrow-in-Furness in the Great War by Ruth Mansergh (Pen & Sword, 2015) pages 141-142 for note about Joseph Henry Park and James Brooks/Huddleston

This record comprises all information held by IWM’s War Memorials Register for this memorial. Where we hold a names list for the memorial, this information will be displayed on the memorial record. Please check back as we are adding more names to the database.

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