Churchill's First World War
Winston Churchill had a varied career during the First World War. At the outbreak of war in 1914, Churchill was serving as First Lord of the Admiralty. In 1915 he helped orchestrate the disastrous Dardanelles naval campaign and was also involved in the planning of the military landings on Gallipoli, both of which saw large losses.
Following the failure of these campaigns, Churchill was demoted and resigned from government. He became an officer in the Army and served on the Western Front until early 1916.
In 1917, under Prime Minister David Lloyd George’s coalition government, Churchill was appointed Minister of Munitions, a position he held until January 1919.
In 1919, shortly after the end of the war, he was appointed Secretary of State for Air and War. In this role he attended peace talks in Paris in 1919. He was not involved in the peace process itself but took part in discussions about the shape of the post-war world. He held this position until 1921.
Here are six images that trace Churchill’s career across the First World War.
Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty from 1911 - 1915, in front of Short Type S.38 Biplane (a.k.a. Short S.77), No. 66, of the Naval Wing of the Royal Flying Corps, during a visit to Eastchurch, Kent.
Major Winston Churchill, wearing a French steel shrapnel helmet, stands with General Emile Fayolle and other officers including Captain Edward Spears (third from left) at the headquarters of XXXIII Corps, French Army, while visiting the French front line on 15 December 1915.
Winston Churchill inspecting a production line for heavy guns during a visit to Beardmore's Munitions Works in Glasgow on 8 October 1918 as Minister of Munitions, a position he held from 1917 - 1919.
Minister of Munitions Winston Churchill meets women war workers at Georgetown's filling works near Glasgow during a visit on 9 October 1918.
Minister of Munitions Winston Churchill on the Grand Stand in the Grande Place at Lille watching the March Past of the 47th Division in October 1918.
Winston Churchill photographed with delegates at the Paris Peace Conference 1919. Churchill was not involved in the peace process itself but as Secretary of State for Air and War he took part in discussions about what the world should look like now the war was over.