Photo story

22 Rare Photos Of The Gallipoli Campaign

We recently digitised hundreds of amateur photographs of Gallipoli, making them available online for the first time.

In contrast to the official photographs of the Gallipoli campaign, taken by British photographer Ernest Brooks, these images show a more personal pictorial record of the campaign. The immediacy of many of these snapshots capture moments in time ranging from the intensity of battle to the routine of everyday life in the trenches.

Here is a small selection of some of these images.

  • 1. The naval attempt to force the Dardanelles

    British battleships in line astern, viewed from HMS <em>Agamemnon</em>, going into action on 18 March 1915.
    British battleships in line astern, viewed from HMS Agamemnon, going into action on 18 March 1915.
    HU 103299

    British battleships in line astern, viewed from HMS Agamemnon, going into action on 18 March 1915 in an attempt to force the Dardanelles.

  • 2. French sailors

    Survivors from the French battleship <em>Bouvet</em> coming on board HMS <em>Agamemnon</em>.
    Survivors from the French battleship Bouvet coming on board HMS Agamemnon.
    HU 103301

    Survivors from the French battleship Bouvet coming on board HMS Agamemnon on 18 March 1915 during the Anglo-French naval attempt to force the Dardanelles. The Bouvet struck a Turkish mine and sank with the loss of over 600 of her crew.

  • 3. The Gallipoli landings

    Scene at 'Lancashire Landing', 'W' Beach, Cape Helles, during the landing of 29th Division transport on 27 April 1915.
    Scene at 'Lancashire Landing', 'W' Beach, Cape Helles, during the landing of 29th Division transport on 27 April 1915.
    HU 105660

    Scene at 'Lancashire Landing', 'W' Beach, Cape Helles, during the landing of 29th Division transport on 27 April 1915. Amongst the photographs on this list is the work of two British officers: Dr Alfred Herbert Tresham Andrew and Edward Montgomery Miles. This particular image was taken by Dr Andrew, who served with the 88th Field Ambulance in 29th Division at Cape Helles. His photographs document preparations for the landings on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, along with the work of his medical unit and general scenes in and behind the British front line.

  • 4. Practicing for the landings at Cape Helles

    British infantry practice disembarking into a rowing boat from a troopship in preparation for the landings at Cape Helles.
    British infantry practice disembarking into a rowing boat from a troopship in preparation for the landings at Cape Helles.
    HU 105675

    British infantry from 29th Division practice disembarking into a rowing boat from a troopship in preparation for the landings at Cape Helles, April 1915. Photograph by Dr Alfred Herbert Tresham Andrew.

  • 5. Firing on Turkish positions

    HMS Queen fires on Turkish positions at Anzac Cove during the initial landings on 25 April 1915.

    The British battleship HMS Queen firing on Turkish positions at Anzac Cove during the initial landings on 25 April 1915. This photograph was taken by Edward Montgomery Miles, who served with the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) armoured car division at Gallipoli. His photographs cover training on Dartmoor, the voyage out to Imbros and subsequent service on the Gallipoli peninsula at Cape Helles and Suvla Bay. 

    Image - HU 130177

  • 6. Boarding barges

    British troops board barges prior to landing on the Gallipoli peninsula in 1915.

    British troops boarding barges prior to landing on the Gallipoli peninsula in 1915. Photograph by Edward Montgomery Miles.

    Image - HU 130179

  • 7. The SS River Clyde

    The SS <em>River Clyde</em> at ‘V’ Beach.
    The SS River Clyde at ‘V’ Beach.
    Q 43217

    The SS River Clyde at ‘V’ Beach. On 25 April 1915 an attempt to land troops direct from the River Clyde resulted in heavy casualties amongst the British troops involved.

  • 8. A Vickers machine gun post

    A Vickers machine gun post in the 29th Division's line at Cape Helles.
    A Vickers machine gun post in the 29th Division's line at Cape Helles.
    HU 105658

    Vickers machine gun post in the 29th Division's line at Cape Helles, Gallipoli. Photograph by Dr Alfred Herbert Tresham Andrew.

  • 9. The Royal Field Artillery

    Men of the Royal Field Artillery man a forward observation post in the British lines at Cape Helles.
    Men of the Royal Field Artillery man a forward observation post in the British lines at Cape Helles.
    HU 105663

    Men of the Royal Field Artillery (RFA) manning a forward observation post in the British lines at Cape Helles, Gallipoli. Photograph by Dr Alfred Herbert Tresham Andrew.

  • 10. Turkish prisoners

    Turkish prisoners under guard on 'W' Beach, Cape Helles.
    Turkish prisoners under guard on 'W' Beach, Cape Helles.
    HU 105664

    Turkish prisoners under guard on 'W' Beach, Cape Helles, Gallipoli. Photograph by Dr Alfred Herbert Tresham Andrew.

  • 11. The Sphinx

    The Sphinx at Anzac Cove, fronted by dugouts and tents.
    The Sphinx at Anzac Cove, fronted by dugouts and tents.
    HU 129450

    The Sphinx at Anzac Cove, fronted by dugouts and tents typical of the many camps set up on the former landing beaches after April 1915.

  • 12. Bombing practice

    Bombing practice for men of No.10 Armoured Car Squadron using improvised ‘jam tin’ grenades, Cape Helles.

    Bombing practice for men of No.10 Armoured Car Squadron (RNAS) using improvised ‘jam tin’ grenades, Cape Helles, summer 1915. Photograph by Edward Montgomery Miles.

    Image - HU 130197.

  • 13. A morning bath

    Officer of No.10 Armoured Car Squadron takes a morning bath in the trenches at Cape Helles.

    Officer of No.10 Armoured Car Squadron (RNAS) taking a morning bath in the trenches at Cape Helles, summer 1915. Photograph by Edward Montgomery Miles.

    Image - HU 130202

  • 14. Trenches at Suvla Bay

    British troops in trenches at Suvla Bay following the fighting in August 1915.

    British troops in trenches at Suvla Bay following the fighting in August 1915. Photograph by Edward Montgomery Miles.

    Image - HU 130203

  • 15. Behind the lines at Cape Helles

    Petty Officers of No.10 Armoured Car Squadron in camp behind the lines at Cape Helles, summer 1915.

    Petty Officers of No.10 Armoured Car Squadron (RNAS) in camp behind the lines at Cape Helles, summer 1915. Photograph by Edward Montgomery Miles.

    Image - HU 130204

  • 16. Burying Turkish soldiers

    Australian troops bury Turkish dead during the truce at Anzac Cove on 24 May 1915.
    Australian troops bury Turkish dead during the truce at Anzac Cove on 24 May 1915.
    Q 42315

    Australian troops burying Turkish dead during the truce at Anzac Cove on 24 May 1915. With over 3,000 Turks having been killed attacking ANZAC positions on 19 May the truce allowed for the burial of the decomposing corpses.

  • 17. The Third Battle of Krithia

    Soldiers of the 6th Battalion, Manchester Regiment, advance against Turkish positions during the Third Battle of Krithia.
    Soldiers of the 6th Battalion, Manchester Regiment, advance against Turkish positions during the Third Battle of Krithia.
    Q 69514

    Soldiers of the 6th Battalion, Manchester Regiment, advancing against Turkish positions during the Third Battle of Krithia, 4 June 1915.

  • 18. Indian Mule Corps

    Indian Mule Corps with mules carrying tools for the construction of new field positions.
    Indian Mule Corps with mules carrying tools for the construction of new field positions.
    HU 105654

    Indian Mule Corps with mules carrying tools for the construction of new field positions. Photograph by Dr Alfred Herbert Tresham Andrew.

  • 19. The 4th Gurkha Rifles

    The 4th Gurkha Rifles move through Gully Ravine, 8 June 1915.
    The 4th Gurkha Rifles move through Gully Ravine, 8 June 1915.
    HU 105665

    The 4th Gurkha Rifles moving through Gully Ravine, 8 June 1915.

  • 20. French infantry

    French infantry move up to the front line at Cape Helles.

    French infantry moving up to the front line at Cape Helles, 1915. Photograph by Edward Montgomery Miles.

    Image - HU 130188

  • 21. A Senegalese infantry regiment

    Soldiers of a French colonial Senegalese infantry regiment in a front line trench at Cape Helles.

    Soldiers of a French colonial Senegalese infantry regiment in a front line trench at Cape Helles, summer 1915. Photograph by Edward Montgomery Miles.

    Image - HU 130196

  • 22. French Senegalese troops

    French Senegalese troops just behind the front line, Cape Helles.
    French Senegalese troops just behind the front line, Cape Helles.
    Q 44315

    French Senegalese troops just behind the front line, Cape Helles, 29 April 1915.