10 results.

  • Image of a painting of fires burning across the city of Bath

    In 1942, in retaliation for an RAF bombing raid on the German town of Lübeck, the Luftwaffe launched a series of destructive raids against historic towns and cities in Britain. These attacks were termed the 'Baedeker' raids after the famous German travel...

  • Image of painting by Henry Carr depicting an incendiary air-raid with explosions

    When Britain went to war on 3 September 1939 there was none of the 'flag-waving patriotism' of August 1914. The British people were now resigned to the fact that Hitler had to be stopped by force. The first eight months of the war were a time of official...

  • Image of the hallways of the Cabinet War Rooms

    From 1939 to 1945, a group of basement offices in Whitehall served as the nerve centre of Britain’s war effort. Known as the Cabinet War Rooms, the complex was occupied by leading government ministers, military strategists and Prime Minister Winston...

  • Image of Boy Scouts, Cubs and Sea Scouts collecting waste paper for salvage

    The Second World War brought many changes to the lives of children in Britain. For some, the war was a time of fear and confusion that meant separation from families, the destruction of a home or even the loss of a parent. However, for others, these...

  • Image of portrait painting of Lieutenant General Sir Alan Brooke

    Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke is seen by many historians as one of the key architects of Allied victory. He was Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS) from 1941 to 1946 and Winston Churchill’s principal military adviser. Alan Brooke served as a Royal...

  • Image of Vera Lynn singing

    Entertainment during the Second World War provided civilians with a form of escape from the hardships of wartime life. It was equally important to those serving in the forces, both in Britain and overseas. Radio was the chief form of news and...

  • Image of a Jersey road sign with a 'V for Victory' slogan

    The Channel Islands were the only part of the British Isles to be occupied by German forces during the Second World War. The British government considered the islands to be of little strategic importance and were reluctant to spend money on their defence...

  • Image of the Royal Family and Winston Churchill waving to crowds

    At 6pm on 3 September 1939, King George VI spoke to the peoples of Britain and the Empire. In his famous radio broadcast, he talked of the difficult times ahead and urged his people to stand firm. The King held the ranks of Admiral of the Fleet, Field...

  • Image of a painting of Ruby Loftus, a female factory worker

    The British government mobilised civilians more effectively than any other combatant nation. By 1944 a third of the civilian population were engaged in war work, including over 7,000,000 women. Minister of Labour Ernest Bevin was responsible for Britain'...

  • Image of Princess Elizabeth during her wartime service in the ATS

    Women were conscripted in December 1941. They were given a choice of working in industry or joining one of the auxiliary services – the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS), the Women's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) or the Women's Royal Naval Service (WRNS...