First World War - War in the Air

Pages tagged with "First World War"

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  • Image of a wooden figure of a French air ace

    Aviation was one of the most romanticised elements of the First World War. 'Air aces' in particular achieved celebrity status both during and after the war. French newspapers first coined the term 'l'as' to describe the high-scoring fighter pilot Adolphe...

  • Image of painting by Anna Airy depicting a shell forge.

    A contemporary of William Orpen, Anna Airy trained at the Slade School of Art. She was one of the first women war artists, employed by the newly founded Imperial War Museum in 1918. Although a well-respected and successful female artist of her generation...

  • Image of troops on the Western Front hearing the news of the armistice

    In the autumn of 1918 the Central Powers were exhausted. Their armies were defeated and their hungry citizens were beginning to rebel. As early as 29 September Ludendorff decided that a cessation of hostilities must be sought. The need became more urgent...

  • Image of British tanks assembled for the Battle of Cambrai

    At dawn on 20 November 1917, the British Third Army launched an attack towards Cambrai using innovative methods that were to become a common feature of the fighting on the Western Front in 1918. The assault utilised the largest number of tanks yet...

  • Image of German battlecruiser SMS Seydlitz

    The Battle of Jutland was the only time that the British and German fleets of 'dreadnought' battleships actually came to blows. It was a confused and bloody action involving 250 ships and around 100,000 men. The German commander, Admiral Scheer, planned...

  • Image of painting by Sir William Orpen depicting view of the German front line

    A joint operation between British and French forces, the Battle of the Somme was intended to achieve a decisive victory over the Germans on the Western Front after 18 months of trench deadlock. For many in Britain, the resulting 1916 battle remains the...

  • Image of a German soldier taking cover in a shallow fold in the ground

    The Battle of Verdun, fought between the Germans and the French throughout most of 1916, was arguably the most influential battle of the Great War and had enormous consequences on subsequent Allied strategies. The battle began in February 1916 with...

  • Image of German propaganda poster from 1918

    The war on the Western Front had become one of attrition as 1917 drew to a close. The French Army was exhausted, having borne the brunt of the Allied effort and the trauma of Verdun. The British were beginning to suffer manpower shortages by early 1918,...

  • Image of drawing by Christopher Nevinson depicting women queuing for food

    Britain went to war on 4 August 1914. The German invasion of Belgium, the independence of which Britain had guaranteed in 1839, united the nation behind the Liberal government of Herbert Asquith. Many in Britain, as in the other warring nations, expected...

  • Image of painting by John Nash depicting soldiers on the Western Front

    The daily routine of front line service varied from the mundane to the dramatic. A typical day would begin with 'stand to arms' at dawn, with all men manning the front line trench. Weapons would be cleaned, a tot of rum and breakfast consumed. Day...

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