Hobson, George Leonard (Oral history)

Catalogue number
  • 16853
Department
Sound
Production date
1996-10-01
Subject period
Dimensions
  • whole: Duration 120, Number Of Items 4
Alternative names
  • object name: Oral history
  • object category: IWM interview
Creator
Category
sound

© IWM

Purchase & License
Object description

British civilian in Liverpool GB, 1940-1941; private served with 2nd Bn King's Liverpool Regt in Greece, Libya and Cyprus, 1946-1947; served with 1st Bn Royal Ulster Rifles, 29th British Infantry Bde in Korea, 1950-1951; POW in North Korea, 1951-1953

Content description

REEL 1 Recollections of period with 8 Platoon, C Coy, 1st Bn Royal Ulster Rifles, 29th British Infantry Bde in Korea, 1950-1951: arrival in Pusan, 11/1950; how he came to be in Royal Ulster Rifles; train journey to Suwon; road block at Seoul; guarding of pontoon bridge during onset of winter; sleeping arrangements in snow; arrival in Pyongyang; news of Chinese intervention; United Nations contingents' retreat, winter, 1950-1951; strafing attack on unit by United Nations' aircraft; US troops abandoning ammunition to Chinese, 12/1950; digging defensive positions; Korean refugees heading south; digging in on Han River; preparations of defences; move of unit into reserve. Recollections of operations with 1st Bn Royal Ulster Rifles, 29th British Infantry Bde during the Battle of the Imjin River, 4/1951: start of battle; reaction to orders to withdraw from good positions; wounding from machine-gun burst from United Nations' side; water given him by Chinese soldier; capture and medical treatment for wounds. Recollections of period as POW in North Korea, 1951-1953: US Air Force attack on captured Centurion tank. REEL 2 Continues: condition of walking wounded; opinion of some POWs volunteering to carry Chinese packs instead of helping wounded; lack of rations given to POWs on march north; cigarettes given to POWs; Chinese methods of avoiding US Air Force attacks; end of Chinese lenient treatment policy and handing over to North Korean police; fraternisation with Pyongyang University students; attempt to humiliate POWs in front of Korean civilians; hail of apples from Korean children; bartering his pen for bread; US POWs' attitude to sharing; personal hygiene problems on march north; North Korean Police headquarters in hillside; threat of North Korean Police to shoot POWs; placing POWs deliberately in danger of US Air Force attacks during forced labour; Chinese rescue of POWs from ill treatment by North Korean police; intervention of North Korean officer to stop POW ill treatment; refusal of POWs to go to Camp 12 Peace Camp. REEL 3 Continues: bad conditions in Camp 9 'Rubbish Heap Camp'; reaction to arrival at Peace Camp; feeding and indoctrination routine, Peace Camp; effects of US Air Force attacks on Peace Camp; losing his Bible; Chinese turning camp into show camp for benefit of visitors; Chinese ploy to get POWs out of Korean hands; effects of returning to normal food in Camp Five; failure of acupuncture treatment; contrast between Chinese and North Korean treatment; release 1953; handling of POWs by US Army in South Korea and Japan; nature of Communist propaganda and handling it; opinion of Koreans and Chinese. Recollections of Liverpool Blitz, 1940-1941: types of bombs used. REEL 4 Continues: destruction in city and docks; work as paperboy; flight of population into countryside; public morale; attitude to Germans. Period with 2nd Bn King's Liverpool Regt in Greece, Cyprus and Libya, 1946-1947: role of unit in Greece, 2/1946-8/1946; move to Cyprus to quell rioting of Jewish illegal immigrants held in Famagusta; supervising large numbers of German POWs in Tobruk, 6/1947-12/1947; character of German POWs and how they rebuilt Tobruk; character of Jews held in Faragusta, Cyprus, 1946-1947; peaceful nature of unit's service in Greece; story of occasion when he was stopped and searched by ELAS during water collecting duties, Greece, 1946; attitude of Greek civilians to presence of British Army; display of ELAS corpses to civilians by Greek government forces.

Associated people and organisations
Associated places
Associated events
Associated themes
Associated keywords

IWM Non Commercial Licence

The media for this item are free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. Video, sound and images can be embedded with the code we offer here, and images can also be downloaded.

By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © IWM

  • Embed HTML
  • Embed HTML
  • Embed HTML
  • Embed HTML