Radley, Philip (Oral history)

Catalogue number
  • 642
Department
Sound
Production date
1974-05-25
Subject period
Dimensions
  • whole: Duration 110, Number Of Items 8
Alternative names
  • object name: Oral history
  • object category: IWM interview
Creator
Category
sound

© IWM

Purchase & License
Object description

British schoolchild and teacher in GB, 1914-1916; absolutist conscientious objector with Non Combatant Corps in Newhaven and Tidworth Camps, 1916; inmate in Lewes, Wormwood Scrubs, Winchester and Shepton Mallet Prisons in GB, 1916-1919

Content description

REEL 1 Aspects of period as schoolchild and teacher in GB, 1914-1915: effects of First World War on his Society of Friends’ school including work of Friends Ambulance Unit; attitude of Society of Friends’ towards military service; father’s refusal to do war work; explanation of absolutist position. REEL 2 Continues: activities of No-Conscription Fellowship; memories of Howard Marten and other conscientious objectors; attitude towards military tribunals. Aspects of period as conscientious objector with Non Combatant Corps in Newhaven Camp in GB, 1916: arrest and removal to Newhaven Camp. REEL 3 Continues: potential exemption for Society of Friends’ members; decision to take absolutist rather than alternativist position; conditions at Newhaven Camp; treatment of conscientious objectors by civilians and military. REEL 4 Continues: court martials at Newhaven Fort; acceptance of consequences of pacifist stand. Recollections of period as inmate in Lewes, Wormwood Scrubs, Winchester and Shepton Mallet Prisons in GB, 1916-1919: conditions in Lewes Prison; outside sympathisers and friendly warder at Wormwood Scrubs Prison; regime in Wormwood Scrubs Prison. REEL 5 Continues: food in Wormwood Scrubs and Winchester Prisons; contact with outside world; birthday at Shepton Mallet Prison; receiving letters and provision of books; importance of keeping mind alert. REEL 6 Continues: prison religious services; state of conscientious objector’s health; pacifists’ sense of unity; communication between prisoners; refusal of Home Office Scheme; question of effect of absolutist conscientious objectors on treatment of Second World War conscientious objectors. REEL 7 Continues: tensions between absolutists and alternativists; reasons for numerous prison moves; belief that pacifists not suffering as men on active service did; prior recollection of treatment at Tidworth Camp, 1916; remaining in prison after Armistice and release, 4/1919. REEL 8 Continues: obtaining place at university and employment; reads quotation from Neave Bradshaw; sympathetic warder in Winchester Prison.

Associated people and organisations
Associated places
Associated events
Associated keywords

IWM Non Commercial Licence

The media for this item are free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. Video, sound and images can be embedded with the code we offer here, and images can also be downloaded.

By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. For this item, that is: © IWM

  • Embed HTML
  • Embed HTML
  • Embed HTML
  • Embed HTML
  • Embed HTML
  • Embed HTML
  • Embed HTML
  • Embed HTML