Radley, Philip (Oral history)

Catalogue number
  • 642
Production date
Subject period
  • whole: Duration 110, Number Of Items 8
Alternative names
  • object name: Oral history
  • object category: IWM interview


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Object description

British schoolchild and teacher in GB, 1914-1916; absolutist conscientious objector with Non Combatant Corps in Newhaven and Tidworth Camps, 1916; inmate in Lewes, Wormwood Scrubs, Winchester and Shepton Mallet Prisons in GB, 1916-1919

Content description

REEL 1 Aspects of period as schoolchild and teacher in GB, 1914-1915: effects of First World War on his Society of Friends’ school including work of Friends Ambulance Unit; attitude of Society of Friends’ towards military service; father’s refusal to do war work; explanation of absolutist position. REEL 2 Continues: activities of No-Conscription Fellowship; memories of Howard Marten and other conscientious objectors; attitude towards military tribunals. Aspects of period as conscientious objector with Non Combatant Corps in Newhaven Camp in GB, 1916: arrest and removal to Newhaven Camp. REEL 3 Continues: potential exemption for Society of Friends’ members; decision to take absolutist rather than alternativist position; conditions at Newhaven Camp; treatment of conscientious objectors by civilians and military. REEL 4 Continues: court martials at Newhaven Fort; acceptance of consequences of pacifist stand. Recollections of period as inmate in Lewes, Wormwood Scrubs, Winchester and Shepton Mallet Prisons in GB, 1916-1919: conditions in Lewes Prison; outside sympathisers and friendly warder at Wormwood Scrubs Prison; regime in Wormwood Scrubs Prison. REEL 5 Continues: food in Wormwood Scrubs and Winchester Prisons; contact with outside world; birthday at Shepton Mallet Prison; receiving letters and provision of books; importance of keeping mind alert. REEL 6 Continues: prison religious services; state of conscientious objector’s health; pacifists’ sense of unity; communication between prisoners; refusal of Home Office Scheme; question of effect of absolutist conscientious objectors on treatment of Second World War conscientious objectors. REEL 7 Continues: tensions between absolutists and alternativists; reasons for numerous prison moves; belief that pacifists not suffering as men on active service did; prior recollection of treatment at Tidworth Camp, 1916; remaining in prison after Armistice and release, 4/1919. REEL 8 Continues: obtaining place at university and employment; reads quotation from Neave Bradshaw; sympathetic warder in Winchester Prison.

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