Marten, Howard Cruttenden (Oral history)

Catalogue number
  • 383
Department
Sound
Production date
1974-08-05
Subject period
Dimensions
  • whole: Duration 90, Number Of Items 6
Alternative names
  • object name: Oral history
  • object category: IWM interview
Creator
Category
sound

Object description

British alternativist conscientious objector imprisoned in Cinder City Camp, Le Havre and Rouen Hard Labour Camp in France and Winchester Prison in GB, 1916-1918

Content description

REEL 1 Background in GB, 1884-1916: family pacifist viewpoint; personal basis for pacifism; military service tribunal scheme and attitude towards it; employment; attitude of colleagues, family and friends towards pacifism; recreational activities. REEL 2 Continues: pre-First World War housing in London; personal decision to become a conscientious objector; activities and members of No-Conscription Fellowship; suspected presence of anti-pacifist agent provocateur. Recollections of imprisonment as conscientious objector at Cinder City Camp, Le Havre and Rouen Hard Labour Camp in France, 1916: arrest and refusal to wear uniform and obey orders, 4/1916; transfer to France. REEL 3 Continues: treatment at Cinder City Camp at Le Harve; reasons for sending conscientious objectors to France; character of troops in camp; army’s attitude towards principle of conscientious objection; field punishment; refusal to recognise military law. REEL 4 Continues: attending field general military court martial at Boulogne; reaction to hearing imposition of death sentence at court martial; imprisonment in hard labour camp at Rouen; attitude towards discipline and order; character of inmates at Rouen; help conscientious objectors received from GB. REEL 5 Continues: sentences and treatment of conscientious objectors; publicity surrounding his case on return to GB, 9/1916. Aspects of period as inmate in Winchester Prison in GB, 1916-1918: opinions and conflicts amongst conscientious objectors on accepting Home Office Scheme; work stitching coal sacks; different points of views held by conscientious objectors on conceding to the authorities. REEL 6 Continues: question of attitude towards GB winning or losing war; attitude to his own decision; friendly behaviour of warder in Winchester Prison; return to civilian employment before the end of war; difficulty of returning to former employment.

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