Leonard, Percy Albert (Oral history)
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- whole: Duration 90, Number Of Items 6
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- object name: Oral history
- object category: IWM interview
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British alternativist conscientious objector in Aldershot Camp and Wormwood Scrubs Prison, London, GB, 1916; imprisoned in Warwick, Wakefield and Dartmoor Prisons in GB, 1916-1918
REEL 1 Background in GB, 1893-1916: family; membership of Christian Endeavour Movement. Recollections of period as alternativist conscientious objector at Aldershot Camp and in Wormwood Scrubs Prison, London in GB, 1916: his isolated decision to become conscientious objector; attitude of clergyman to his stance; refusal to put on uniform at Aldershot; relationship with troops in Aldershot Camp guard tent. REEL 2 Continues: life at Aldershot Camp after Central Tribunal; leave to return home; sentencing at Wormwood Scrubs Prison; relationship with officers, NCOs and other ranks at Aldershot Camp. Recollections of period as inmate in Warwick, Wakefield and Dartmoor Prisons in GB, 1916-1918: reporting to Warwick Prison; living conditions in Warwick Prison including becoming vegetarian; making mailbags. REEL 3 Continues: nature of ‘work of national importance’; daily routine in Warwick and Wakefield open prisons; use of code to communicate with family; religious services for prisoners; transfer to Dartmoor Prison; prison life and work at Dartmoor Prison. REEL 4 Continues: relationship with warders at Dartmoor Prison; transfer to forestry work in New Forest; relations with civilians in Brockenhurst; state of health, forestry work and living conditions in New Forest; nature of discussions amongst conscientious objectors; work at Wakefield open prison. REEL 5 Continues: contact with Society of Friends; anti-pacifist riot in Wakefield Prison; Christmas leave; work in saw mill in Watford; marriage, 11/1918; activities during Second World War; differences in public attitude towards conscientious objectors during First and Second World Wars. REEL 6 Continues: comparison of military service tribunals in First and Second World War; attitude to being sent to France; basis of pacifism; public attitude towards pacifists; personal treatment received as conscientious objector.
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