Finnish M27 rifle & Mosin-Nagant

Catalogue number
  • FIR 8323
Production date
  • Sling: leather
  • whole: Length 119.0 cm
Alternative names
  • full name: Finnish M27 rifle & Mosin-Nagant
  • simple name: rifle, bolt action, fixed box magazine
Weapons and ammunition

© IWM (FIR 8323)

Purchase & License

This Finnish M27 rifle was one of the main rifles in service with the Finnish Army during the 1939-40 'Winter War' against the Soviet Union. Following the establishment of an independent Finland at the end of the First World War, the Finnish infantry was predominantly armed with captured Russian Model 1891 rifles (see FIR 7509). Subsequently it was hoped that a Finnish-designed rifle could be produced, but this proved too expensive. In a compromise solution a modified version of the Russian rifle was adopted for service with the Finnish Army as the M27. This featured a new, shorter, barrel and used a knife bayonet instead of the original Russian socket bayonet. Unfortunately the new rifle was found to have a weak front-band, which led to damage if the rifle was fired with the bayonet fitted or bayonet fighting was undertaken. Its reputation was further tarnished by the fact the the Finnish Civil Guard managed to equip itself with superior rifles (the M28 and M28-30). It was intended to replace all of these rifles with a new model, the M39, but production had not commenced by the time of the Soviet invasion in November 1939.

Physical description

Finnish M27 rifle & Mosin-Nagant; rifle & sling unstrengthened front barrel band

Stamped on barrel

Tikkakoski T in triangle mark

Stamped on butt


Stamped on bolt


Stamped on chamber

Tula hammer mark & 139 & E

Stamped on magazine

Ishevsk bow and arrow mark

Stamped on butt disc

J.O. 8 R.L.

Stamped on top of barrel

T in triangle over 47636 over F over 1932

Associated people and organisations
Associated events
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