First World War - War in the Air

QF 13 pdr Mk 1 (Nery Gun)

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Catalogue number
  • ORD 102
Display status
IWM London
Production date
1906
Materials
  • gun: metal
  • wood
Alternative Names
  • FULL NAME: QF 13 pdr Mk 1 (Nery Gun)
  • SIMPLE NAME: gun, artillery : British
Creator
Category
weapons and ammunition

History note

(from original caption) WAR SERVICES OF THE EXHIBIT. (Registered Number 132.) Fought by " L " Battery, R.H.A. Landed in France on the 16th August, 1914, as part of the Cavalry Division. The first action in which this Gun took part was near AUDRIGNIES on the 24th August, 1914, when supporting a charge of the 9th Lancers. All available ammunition was expended, and great execution done among the Germans. The Battery was specially mentioned for its gallantry on this occasion, and the Commander awarded the D.S.O. The Gun was in action at various places daily during the retreat, Including LE CATEAU, and on the 1st September, 1914, it assisted the 1st Cavalry Brigade, which consisted of the 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays), the 5th Dragoon Guards and the 11th Hussars. It was bivouacked at NERY, being posted in a field to the south, with Headquarters in a Sugar Factory. The attack was opened by IVth German Cavalry Division. About 5.10 a.m. the Battery was heavily shelled and suffered severe casualties, three guns only being in action. CAPTAIN BRADBURY and SERGEANT NELSON took one gun, LIEUTENANT GIFFARD another, and LIEUTENANTS CAMPBELL and MUNDY the third, the letter gun being immediately silenced by a direct hit. About 5.30 a.m. LIEUTENANT GIFFARD was severely wounded and all his detachment killed or wounded, leaving only CAPTAIN BRADBURY'S gun in action. LIEUTENANTS CAMPBELL and MUNDY went to his assistance, and GUNNER DARBYSHIRE and DRIVER OSBORNE served the gun with ammunition from a wagon 20 yard distant. „ LIEUTENANT CAMPBELL was killed immediately, and the duties were carried out as follows:- LIEUTENANT MUNDY, Observer ; CAPTAIN BRADBURY, Layer ; SERGEANT NELSON, Range Setter. The gun was heavily shelled by the German Division at 800 yards, and about 6.30 a.m. LIEUTENANT MUNDY and SERGEANT NELSON were seriously wounded. About 7.15 a.m. BATTERY SERGEANT-MAJOR DORRELL reached the gun, and on his arrival CAPTAIN BRADBURY was mortally wounded in bringing ammunition from the wagon. By this time the German attack had been held, up, and about 7.30 a.m., as the reinforcements arrived, the gun fired its last two rounds. During the action it accounted for three German guns at least before It ceased firing. CAPTAIN BURNYEAT, of " I " Battery, R.H.A., assisted by men of the Bays, replaced the wheels of the damaged guns of " L " Battery after the action, and all the guns were sent to the Army Ordnance Department at SAINT NAZAIRE on the 3rd September, 1914, The following Awards were made in respect of this action i— THE VICTORIA CROSS to CAPTAIN E. K. BRADBURY, BATTERY SERGEANT-MAJOR G. T. DORRELL, SERGEANT D. NELSON. THE LEGION OF HONOUR to LIEUTENANT J. GIFFARD. THE MEDAILLE MIL1TAIRE to GUNNER DARBYSHIRE, DRIVER OSBORNE. OFFICERS AND N.C.O. S AND MEN WHO SERVED WITH " L " BATTERY ON THE 1st SEPTEMBER, 1914:— MAJOR THE HONOURABLE W. D. SCLATER BOOTH, R.H.A., Wounded lst September, 1914. CAPTAIN E. K. BRADBURY, V.C., R.H.A., Killed lst September, 1914. LIEUTENANT L. F. H. MUNDY, R.H.A. (recommended for V.C.), Killed 1st September, 1914. LIEUTENANT J. GIFFARD, R.H.A., Legion d'Honneur. Wounded 1st September, 1914. LIEUTENANT J. D. CAMPBELL, R.H.A., Killed 1st September, 1914. LIEUTENANT J. E. MARSDEN, Wounded 24th August, 1914. BATTERY SERGEANT-MAJOR G. T. DORRELL, V.C., R.H.A., received a Commission. SERGEANT D. NELSON, V.C., R.H.A., received a Commission. GUNNER DARBYSHIRE, R.H.A., Medaille Militairc. DRIVER OSBORNE, R.H.A., Medaille Mlitaire. During the Retreat the total casualties of the Battery were Killed and wounded, 6 Officers, 63 Non-commissioned Officers and Men.

Physical description

gun, battle damaged

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