James Taylor

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Instituted in the hope of avoiding war, appeasement was the name given to Britain’s policy in the 1930s of allowing Hitler to expand German territory unchecked. Most closely associated with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, it is now widely...

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Winston Churchill became Britain's prime minister on 10 May 1940. As he was later to write: 'I felt...that all my past life had been but a preparation for this hour and for this trial'.On the very day that Churchill fulfilled his life's ambition,...

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As the twentieth century dawned, Britain was one of the greatest powers on Earth. This small island nation ruled over a vast global empire. Yet, despite its wealth, power and global influence, the British Empire was less secure than it appeared.Image...

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Following the outbreak of war in August 1914, mainland Europe became a battleground. Both sides wanted to crush their enemies and end the war quickly. The horrific number of casualties caused by modern weapons came as a terrible shock. Hundreds of...

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By late 1914 the war on the Western Front had become deadlocked. Neither side had achieved victory in northern France and Belgium. They now dug trenches to protect themselves from each other’s murderous fire. Life for a front line soldier could be...

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A European war meant a world war. From the very beginning, the overseas empires of the European powers were drawn into the conflict. There was fighting in Africa, in Asia and in the Middle East. As the war spread, so did the suffering.Image - Mounted...

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In 1915 Britain faced falling army recruitment and shells shortages at the front. To win the war, a transformation was needed. A ‘home front’ was created to supply the fighting fronts’ constant demands for men, weapons, equipment and food.Image -...

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In 1916 British and Empire troops took the lead in a huge attack on the River Somme. The first troops went over the top in the early morning of 1 July.  By evening nearly 20,000 of them lay dead.  Over the next five months, British and...

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As 1916 drew to a close, there was still no sign of victory. New leaders urged their weary citizens to work even harder. Total war on the battlefield meant total war on the home front. Women kept the country going, filling jobs usually done by their...

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In 1917 Britain’s army looked increasingly to machines to win the war. It found ways to make guns even more destructive and taught closer teamwork between soldiers. Yet new ways of fighting did not bring victory, and war on the Western Front became...