Ian Kikuchi

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Tens of thousands of soldiers went 'over the top' at 7.30am on 1 July 1916 on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Nearly 20,000 British soldiers died that day, which looms large in the collective national memory of the First World War.  The...

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When visitors enter IWM London's First World War Galleries, the first object they see is a large model ship. It is a shipbuilder's model of His Majesty's Ship (HMS) Hercules, a Royal Navy warship. This article explores the history of the ship and of...

Photo story

The Battle of Jutland, fought over two days from 31 May 1916, was the largest sea battle of the First World War. It pitted 151 British warships against 99 German ships and was the first and only time the two battle fleets confronted each other. A wide...

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In the summer of 1940, faced with the threat of Nazi German invasion, the British government sponsored a scheme to evacuate children to overseas countries. This is the story of Beryl Myatt, a child evacuee during the Second World War.The Children's...

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In 1938, before the outbreak of the Second World War, Britain established a system of Air Raid Precautions, or 'ARP'. To meet the expected threat of building fires started by enemy air raids, Britain established an Auxiliary Fire Service (AFS) to...

Photo story

Before the Second World War, British people feared that any future war would involve heavy aerial bombing of civilian areas. In December 1937, the British government passed the Air Raid Precautions (or ‘ARP’) Act, requiring local authorities to ready...

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In 1941, Britain was an imperial power with colonies across south and south-east Asia. In December 1941, Japan attacked British territories in Hong Kong, Malaya (now Malaysia), Singapore and Burma (now also known as Myanmar).These objects, photographs...

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During the Second World War, millions of people were forced to live under foreign occupation. They faced hard choices between resistance, acquiescence or collaboration.Germany’s early victories subjected much of Europe to Nazi occupation. The...

The Second World War engulfed the people of many countries in Europe. The conflict saw devastating battles, widespread destruction and an unprecedented industrial genocide. Its repercussions continue to be felt today.By 1941, German forces had...

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After the Second World War, the disintegration of Britain's empire transformed global politics.Before the war, Britain maintained colonies all over the world, which provided valuable raw materials, manpower and strategic bases. By 1945, however,...